Disease risk factor
High blood pressure is an added risk factor for the development of cardiovascular and renal diseases. Being a disease that does not present clear symptoms, it can be complicated and result in myocardial infarction, hemorrhage or pulmonary thrombosis.
High blood pressure is a disease that usually affects more men than women, but the numbers are equal when they reach menopause. The cause of high blood pressure is unknown in 90% of cases. It is what we know as essential or idiopathic hypertension. In this case, the hereditary factor takes on special importance. There are several factors that can affect blood pressure.
They can be divided into modifiable and non-modifiable factors:
- Modifiable factors . They are those in which the person can influence. These are situations such as overweight, obesity, smoking, consuming lots of salt during meals, sedentary lifestyle, consuming more than 90 milliliters of alcoholic beverages per day and hypercholesterolemia.
- Non-modifiable factors : They have to do with situations of the person. It has a higher incidence in male adults. In this group, there is a history of cardiovascular diseases.
Healthy habits to prevent hypertension
High blood pressure poses a risk to the health of the person suffering it. Maintaining high values over time can lead to severe medical problems. We must put the means to try to keep blood pressure at normal levels:
- Food : Fruits and vegetables should be consumed regularly. Avoid foods that are high in fat. The consumption of salt must be controlled. Alcoholic beverages should be consumed moderately, although their component of dependence should be taken into account.
- Tobacco : The nicotine in cigarettes increases the possibility of suffering heart ailments. This also increases the likelihood of suffering from hypertension. Therefore, tobacco should be avoided.
- Physical exercise : Practicing sports will help reduce blood pressure. The benefit will be greater in those people who were not used to any sports activity. It is essential that sports practice is adapted to each person. Running, walking and biking are the physical activities that will most help reduce blood pressure.
- Stress : People with high blood pressure should reduce their stress levels. Relaxation techniques such as yoga or meditation will help in this task.